Calculation of Credits and Grades

For your Master's Application, you need the list of the best 140 credits and grades from your basic studies. Here you get all the information and the form for calculating your application grade.



The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System is an academic credit system based on the estimated student workload required to achieve the objectives and learning outcomes of a module or program of study. It is designed to enable academic recognition for periods of study, to facilitate student mobility and credit accumulation and transfer. The ECTS is the recommended credit system for higher education across the European Higher Education Area.

The ECTS weighting for a module is a measure of the student input or workload required for that module, based on factors such as the number of contact hours, the number and length of written or verbally presented assessment exercises, class preparation and private study time, laboratory classes, examinations, clinical attendance, professional training placements, and so on.

Typically, one year corresponds to 60 ECTS-credits. A 3-year Bachelors program has therefore usually 180 ECTS-credits; a 2-year Masters program usually 120 ECTS-credits.

Meaning at Technical University of Munich

One ECTS credit point equals on average 30 working hours. But no student is average! You might spend much more time on a course you are not so familiar with, and maybe way less on another course which is exactly in your field of interest and expertise!

Conversion Example

US students are often expected to maintain 15 credit hours per semester to be on track for timely graduation - this has given rise to the formula of converting ECTS credits to US credits on a 2:1 ratio.

Application Questions

Nina Maier

Grades for your Master's Application

The grade from your undergraduate studies (mostly Bachelor, see §36 of our examination regulations FPSO) is also included in the aptitude assessment procedure for our Master's programs.

Due to the fact that at the time of the application many applicants have not yet completed their undergraduate degree, the following rules apply:

Grade Calculation

For foreign degrees, please calculate your grade using the so called 'Bavarian Formula':



\(x=\) sought-after converted grade.

\(\text{N}_\text{max}=\)  highest possible grade in your university

\(\text{N}_\text{min}=\) lowest passing grade

\(\text{N}_\text{d}=\) grade obtained

For the calculated grades only one digit after the decimal point will be taken into consideration.

Form with grade calculation (curricular analysis) from the best 140 ECTS

Please fill out the online form accurately in order to account for a minimum of 140 ECTS with the best graded 118 ECTS, verify your entry and afterwards click on 'Save and Send'. Please upload the generated pdf file in your online application in TUM-Online.